Sexual medicine is a medical specialty that deals with sexual health. At times heavily influenced by current local views on morality, with heavy cultural overlay, in broad terms this specialty is concerned with diagnosing, assessing and treating all aspects which relate to sexuality.
Issues can be divided into two main areas of concern:
disorders of the sexual organs
disorders of the psyche affecting sexuality
Sexual medicine has four dimensions:
The promotional dimension (increases awareness and helps individuals have a healthy and fulfilling sex life)
The preventive dimension (counseling)
The curative dimension (clinical treatment of specific sexual disorders)
The rehabilitative dimension (helps patients regain sexual health)
Congenital or acquired, these conditions refer to any pathology which interferes with the perception of satisfactory sexual health. Varied conditions include absent sexual organs, hermaphrodite and other genetic malformations, or trauma such as amputation or lacerations. sexually transmitted disease accounts for by far the largest proportion of patients in this category. Of these, HIV and consequently AIDS represents a significant threat to populations throughout the world, but more especially Africa, and within Africa in the sub-Saharan area.